There are many kind of programs available under Medical Science like MBBS, MD, Pharmacist, Physiotherepist, Nursing ETC. One can choose his/her domain as per eligibility and area of interest.
Bachelor Degree Program in Nursing & Physiotherapy :
B.Sc. Nursing : The Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.Sc. Nursing) is an undergraduate medical programme. Nursing education is monitored by the Indian Nursing Council (INC). The B.Sc. Nursing curriculum focuses on teaching students how to care for patients so as to “attain optimum health for all members of...society.” They do this by targeting specific medical principles, such as assessment of health based on physical, biological, and social sciences; analysis of health problems in a systematic way; and proper administration of medical [nursing] services to improve the health of patients.
Eligibility criteria to pursue B.Sc. Nursing
The length of the program is about four years for the Basic B.Sc. Nursing degree. The total cost of the program varies based on the institution, but it generally falls between Rs. 60,000 and Rs. 2,00,000. Requirements for the B.Sc. in Nursing generally include that students be 17 years of age at time of admission and that he/she must pass the 10+2 Exam in the science stream with physics, chemistry, biology and English. A minimum of 45 percent marks in each course is needed and he/she must pass and well in the university’s entrance exam.
Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) :
A Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) programme focuses on teaching students how to give functional abilities and maximum movement to patients. Students may learn how to diagnose, treat and prevent physical damage or injuries that inhibit mobility and/or muscular, neurological, and other types of physiological functionality. A physiotherapist’s job requires constant interaction with his/her patient and his/her body, so those interested in pursuing a BPT should have great interpersonal skills.
Eligibility criteria to pursue Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT)
The length of the program is generally four and a half years (the last six months are dedicated to an internship). The cost of the programme varies by institution. For example, the program fee at the Indian Institute of Health Education and Research in Patna is Rs. 60,000. A BPT costs Rs. 45,250 at The Oxford College in Bangalore, Rs. 2,00,000 at Arihant Institute of Paramedical Sciences, and Rs. 2,92,500 at Punjabi University Patiala, in Punjab. The requirements for a BPT include completing the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) or 10+2 exam in the science stream. Mandatory subjects are physics, chemistry, biology and English, with a minimum of 45 to 50 percent marks in each course. Applicants must also be at least 17 years of age at time of admission, and must take an entrance exam.
Bachelor & Master Programs in Pharmacy :
A pharmacist is responsible for dispensing and managing medications, educating patients on correct usage of drugs and potential drug side effects, and managing the overall health care or well-being of patients/customers in the setting of pharmacies and dispensaries. Pharmacists must know how to handle medications for patient safety and how to give correct dosages. Interaction with patients is common, so pharmacists may need to answer questions about medication. Furthermore, it is the duty and legal obligation of all pharmacists to know and follow the laws pertaining to the prescribed medication, and make sure that no medication is dispensed to a patient that would create a medical/drug interaction with any other medications that the patient is also taking. Staying abreast of new research in pharmaceutical developments and their safety is of vital importance in pharmacy jobs.
Pharmacists should be skilled at communicating safety instructions, potential side effects and giving general advice regarding over-the-counter as well as prescription drugs. As pharmacists work with sick patients on a daily basis, they should also be patient, calm, reassuring, understanding and compassionate. They must also have analytical skills and an interest in pharmacy research, so that they stay up to date about information regarding the drugs they are dispensing. For pharmacists who work in hospitals, the ability to work with doctors as well as nurses can be important, so basic medical terms and a clinical attitude, when appropriate, may be helpful.
The minimum requirements to become a pharmacist are generally a Diploma of Pharmacy (D.Pharm.), a two-year program and/or a Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm.), a four and a half-year program. Both pharmacy courses require a six-month pharmacy internship. The degree/diploma must be from accredited, Pharmacy Council of India approved pharmacy colleges, and upon completion of training and education, the graduate must register with his/her state’s Pharmacy Council. It’s also possible to continue your education by getting a Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm.) or Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.), but this kind of pharmacy degree tends to be needed for research and/or teaching positions rather than pharmacist positions.
Available Under Graduate Program in Pharma.
B.Pharm. admission requirements are as follows: applicants must be at least 17 years of age at time of admission, and are required to complete the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC), or 10+2 exam in the science stream. Necessary subjects are biology/ mathematics, chemistry and physics. Admission requirements vary between institutions, so in order to be considered a top candidate for admission, it is also important to get a high rank in the state or institutional entrance examination.
If a candidate wants to get admitted to the 2nd year of B.Pharm (i.e. lateral entry), he must have passed D.Pharm from a PCI approved institute.
D.Pharm. admission requirements include that applicants must be at least 17 years of age at time of admission, and are required to complete the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) or 10+2 exam in the science stream. Required subjects are physics, chemistry and biology or mathematics. A minimum of 40 percent marks are needed in each course. The cost for both B.Pharm. and D.Pharm. is varies based on institution.
Available Post Graduate Program in Pharma.
Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm) is a 2 year post graduate course. In order to be eligible for admission to an M.Pharm course, you should have a B.Pharm degree from a PCI-approved institute and should have scored at least 55% marks over the 4 years of B.Pharm. Specialties/ subjects in which post graduate degree in pharmacy can be awarded by the Indian universities:
2. Industrial Pharmacy
3. Pharmaceutical Technology
4. Pharmaceutical Chemistry
5. Pharmaceutical Analysis
6. Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance
7. Regulatory Affairs
8. Pharmaceutical Biotechnology 9. Pharmacy Practice
12. Phytopharmacy & Phytomedicine
13. Any other specialty as may be prescribed by the Pharmacy Council of India from time to time.
The Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D) course was introduced in India only in 2008 by the PCI. The duration of Pharm.D is 6 years (5 years of study+1 year of internship/ resiency). It is a post-graduate (PG) qualification and hence Pharm.D graduates can register directly for Ph.D. All candidates being awarded the Pharm.D degree are eligible to use the prefix "Dr." before their name and the same will reflect on the certicate issued to them by their PCI-approved institute/ university. Eligibility to join a Pharm.D course:
You must be at least 17 years old and pass any one of the following exam: (1) 10+2 with physics, chemistry and mathematics/ biology
(2) Completed D.Pharm course from a PCI-approved institution
(3) Any other qualification approved by PCI that is equivalent to above two qualifications