Biotechnology is one of the most progressive and beneficial scientific advances of the last quarter century. An interdisciplinary field that includes mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering and others, it combines various- technologies to either create a new product or modify an existing one to suit our needs. Its widespread application across multiple industries like food, pharmaceutical, chemical, bio-products, textiles, medicine, nutrition, environmental conservation and animal sciences makes a career in biotechnology one of the fastest growing fields with ample opportunities for qualified professionals.
Biotechnology combines the theoretical (genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology and cell biology), and the practical (chemical engineering, information technology and robotics) scientific aptitude, a keen interest in the biological sciences, problem solving skills. An analytical mind is essential for successful career in biotechnology. The candidate should be methodical and patient by nature, able to work neatly and accurately and have a flair for laboratory work. The ability to work independently is another important aspect. The knowledge of computers is a must.
Available Programs in Bio-Technology :
Bachelor of Science in Bio-Technology :
Bsc in Biotechnology is an undergraduate degree program. It’s duration is 3 years which includes 6 semesters. This course includes subjects such as maths, biology, chemistry and physics. The course focuses on deep understanding of various biological processes at cellular and organism level. Students are given both theory and practical sessions. Some of the subjects which are taught in this course are :
● Cell Biology
● Bio molecules
● Antigens and Antibodies
● Biotechnology Medical
● Microbiology of soil
● Co enzymes
● Lipid Metabolism
● Genetic Mapping
● Biofertilizer and Biopesticide
B.Tech in Bio-Technology :
B.Tech in Biotechnology is a four year bachelor degree undergraduate program in biotechnology. It is an engineering program.Just like any other engineering discipline the duration of this course is 4 years, divided into 8 semesters.Each semester is about 6 months long. Both theory and practical sessions are imparted to students along with internship programs. Subjects which you will study under this course may include :
● Nano Biotechnology
● Agricultural Biotechnology
● Molecular Biology
● Cell Biology
● Metabolic Engineering
● Principles of Chemical Processes
● Microbiology and Immunology
● Genetics and Genetic Engineering
● Genomics and Proteomics
● Enzyme Engineering and Technology
● Process Control
Subjects may differ in different colleges depending upon the management. The basic remains same.
The eligibility requirement to apply for undergraduate degree in Biotechnology (B.sc and B.Tech) The basic eligibility criteria to apply for Bsc in Biotechnology and B.Tech in Biotechnology remains same. A student must have passed his/her class 12th examinations from a recognized national or state level board of education with science stream. Students with both PCB (Physics Chemistry Biology) and PCM (Physics Chemistry Maths) can apply for the course. Along with this it is mandatory to clear various entrance exams held by various colleges who give admission strictly on the basis of merit scored in these tests.
Postgraduate/Advance courses in Biotechnology :
Master of Science in biotechnology is a post graduate biotechnology course. The duration of M.sc (Biotechnology) is two years and the syllabus is divided into four semesters.
● Graduation with any of the life sciences subjects (Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biochemistry), B.Sc (Agricultural sciences)
● The student must have secured at least 55% marks in qualifying exam from a recognized university or institutions.
● Candidates appearing in qualifying examination can also apply, subject to their passing the examination before the admission is finalised.
Advance courses in Biotechnology :
● M.Phil (Biotechnology)
● Ph.D (Biotechnology)
Eligibility for admission:
Master’s degree in respective or related subjects is essential to pursue PhD or M.Phil.